Judo Vocabulary
Bow
Rei
Stop!
Matte
Teacher
Sensei
Sitting cross legged
Anza
Normal walking
Ayumi ashi
Judo practitioner or player
Judoka
Person receiving technique
Uke
Right
Migi
Falling methods to the rear
Koho-ukemi
Free practice
Randori
Tournament
Shiai
Hold-Down! (Referee's call)
Osae-komi
One point! (Referee's award)
Ippon
Near waza-ari (Referee's award)
Yuko
That is all! (Referee's call)
Sore made
Yes!
Hai
Please
Onegai shimasu
Note! (Referee's call for slight penalty)
Shido
Warning! (Referee's call for severe penalty)
Keikoku
Decision! (Referee's call for judge's decision)
Hantei
Continue! (Referee's call)
Yoshi
Fundamental defensive posture
Jigo-hontai
Entry into a throw
Tsukuri
Sweeping action done with the leg
Harai
Dashing action done with the leg
Gake
Throw (noun)
Nage
Throwing technique(s)
Nage waza
Hand technique(s)
Te waza
Foot or leg technique(s)
Ashi waza
Little or minor
Ko
Waist or hip techniques
Koshi waza
Outside
Soto
Major outside reaping throw
O soto gari
Shout to gather inner strength
Kiai
Draw match! (Referee's award)
Hiki wake
Grappling techniques
Ne waza
Holding techniques
Osae komi waza
Choking techniques
Shime waza
The principle of gentleness or giving way
Ju
Gentle way
Judo
Favorite technique
Tokui waza
Martial arts
Budo
Step or degree in the black belt ranks
Dan
Holder of any rank below black belt
Mudansha
Repetition attack practice without throwing done with a partner
Uchi komi
Solo practice
Tandoku rensho
Practice in general
Keiko
Kneeling bow
Za rei
Knee
Hiza
Wheel
Guruma
Fifth class (kyu) judo rank
Gokyu
Third class (kyu) judo rank
Sankyu
First class (kyu) judo rank
Ikkyu
Attention!
Kiotsuke
Begin!
Hajime
Practice Hall for Judo
Dojo
Sitting on knees
Seiza
Following foot walking
Tsugi ashi
Judo Uniform
Judogi
Person performing technique
Tori
Left
Hidari
Falling methods or ways
Ukemi
Forward rolling falling
Zempo kaiten ukemi
Formal pre-arranged routine practice
Kata
Japanese judo mats
Tatami
Hold-down broken! Referee's Call)
Toketa
Almost ippon! (Referee's award=1/2 point)
Waza-ari
Near yuko! (Referee's award)
Koka
Sixth class (kyu) judo rank
Rokyu
No!
Iie
Thank You
Arigato
Caution! (Referee's call for moderate penalty)
Chui
Loss by rule violation
Hansoku make
Don't move! (referee's call)
Sono-mama
Fundamental natural posture
Shizen-hontai
Off balance
Kuzushi
Execution of a throw
Kake
Reaping action done with the leg
Gari
Springing action done with the leg
Hane
Technique(s)
Waza
Hand
Te
Foot or leg
Ashi
Big or major
O
Waist or hip
Goshi
Major hip throw
O goshi
Inside
Uchi
Internal force or spiritual energy
Ki
Decision win! (Referee's award)
Yusei-gachi
A full point by adding two waza-ari scores
Waza-ari awaseta ippon
Techniques from a supine position
Sutemi waza
Choke
Shime
Joint locking techniques
Kansetsu waza
Way of life
Do
Gentle arts
Jujutsu
Way of the warrior
Bushido
Class of belt ranks in judo below black belt
Kyu
Holder of any black belt rank
Yudansha
Black belt association
Yudanshakai
Alternate throwing practice without resistance done with a partner
Sute geiko
Practice in pairs
Sotai rensho
Fourth class (kyu) judo rank
Yonkyu
Standing bow
Ritsu rei
Lock or hold
Gatame
Side or lateral
Yoko
Formal eight directions of off-balancing
Happo no Kuzushi
Second class (kyu) judo rank
Nikyu
One - ichi
Two - ni
Three - san
Four - shi
Five - go
Six - roku
Seven - shichi
Eight - hachi
Nine - kyu
Ten - ju

eleven - ju ichi
twelve - ju ni
thirteen - ju san
fourteen - ju shi
fifteen - ju go
sixteen - ju roku
seventeen - ju shichi
eighteen - ju hachi
nineteen - ju kyu
twenty - ni ju